The monitoring station is situated in the beautiful Tidbinbilla farming area outside of Canberra, Australia
The Big Dishes
The Canberra deep-space Communication specialized (CDSCC) features a number of 'big dish' antennas which can be required daily to get data from; and transmit commands to; a wide variety of spacecraft.
Deep Space Stations
The antennas tend to be referred to as deep-space Stations (DSS) and therefore are identified by several. Each location worldwide has it very own pair of similar antennas: In the United States, antennas tend to be numbered inside 10s and 20s series; in Australian Continent antennas have been in the 30s and 40s and in Spain the 50s and 60s. That is a simple shorthand solution to quickly determine an antenna at each and every website.
CDSCC currently has actually four active antennas:
Resigned from provider
Additionally, there are a few antennas which have often already been dismantled or decommissioned at hard over the years. The first antenna on location - DSS42 - had been dismantled in December 2000, and DSS33 (an 11-metre antenna) ended up being decommissioned in February 2002 plus in 2009 dismantled and transported to Norway to start out an innovative new role in atmospheric research. A 5-metre meal which was regularly help an Earth-orbiting room telescope is now decommissioned and a YAGI antenna as soon as found in UHF communications remains on location but no more in use.
One Small Step
One other meal - 1st you come by while you go into the station - is Deep Space facility 46 (DSS46). This 26-metre antenna had been originally situated at the Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station between 1967 and 1981. It was relocated to CDSCC as an element of a consolidation of monitoring station websites in Canberra.
DSS46 is most famous if you are the antenna which received and relayed toward globe 1st historical TV photos of astronaut Neil Armstrong establishing base from the Moon in July 1969.
Having tracked a huge selection of missions - both manned and robotic - DSS46 had been retired from service in November 2009 and from now on stays at CDSCC as celebrated and recognised historical monument.
Lending A Helping Ear
To help inside hectic duration in spaceflight at the conclusion of 2003, early 2004, the specialized included the 64-metre dish at Parkes in central New Southern Wales. This antenna had been enhanced by NASA through the Canberra advanced with new receivers and equipment capable of handling transmissions received from robotic spacecraft.
The 64-metre large radio telescope is one of the planet's best and a lot of energetic facilities for radio astronomy. Whenever its analysis time allows, Parkes can behave as a spare 'ear' for CDSCC occasionally of high planned task. When it is getting used for this specific purpose it is designated as DSS-49.
Main Antenna Roles
The part of this antennas is broken into four crucial places; Telemetry, Tracking, Control and track.
The objective of the Telemetry program is to offer the capability to acquire, process, decode and distribute deep space probe and Earth orbiter telemetry information. Telemetry information comes with science and engineering information modulated on radio indicators transmitted from spacecraft. The Telemetry program performs three primary functions: Telemetry data acquisition, telemetry information fitness and transmission to projects and telemetry system validation.
The goal of the monitoring program should offer two-way communication between Earth based gear and spacecraft, to make measurements that will allow their state vector (position and velocity) of spacecraft to-be determined.
The purpose of the Command program is offer the means wherein a venture manages the actions of its spacecraft. Control information (Command Data), given by the Project, is modulated from the RF service and transmitted to a spacecraft by a DSN place. The Command System functions as a transfer medium between your venture Control Centre and its particular spacecraft.
MONITOR AND CONTROL
The goal of the track and Control program is two-fold: to deliver real time monitor data to jobs which mirror the condition of project help by DSN systems, and to provide monitor and control abilities to operators of DSN methods' elements.
New Antennas money for hard times
NASA features determined that to meet up with the ongoing need for deep-space interaction services, it takes some new Deep Space Station antennas at its three Deep area system websites. The first of those emerged on line in October 2014 with all the 2nd under building during the Canberra Deep Space Communication specialized and as a result of come on line when you look at the late-2016 schedule.